The standard DIN 18534 is based on DIN 18195, which regulates the planning and execution of all types of building waterproofing. However, DIN 18195 now only provides the framework for the various building waterproofing sectors, since it was broken down into the standard series 18531 to 18535. These include:
DIN 18531: Waterproofing of non-utilised and utilised roofs, balconies, loggias and walkways
DIN 18532: Waterproofing of concrete areas trafficable by vehicles
DIN 18533: Waterproofing of elements in contact with soil
DIN 18534: Waterproofing for indoor applications
DIN 18535: Waterproofing of tanks and pools
The standard DIN 18534 is therefore decisive when it comes to waterproofing in bathrooms and the waterproofing of level-access showers. It has been effective since 2017. Planners and tradespeople benefit from the standard in two ways: firstly, this standard covers state-of-the-art technology, which means bonded waterproofing is now also finally covered. And while this has proven to be a reliable solution for the waterproofing of wet areas, until now it needed to be contractually regulated as a special structure in each individual case. And secondly, it now provides a binding code of practice. Until now, the waterproofing of interior spaces was regulated by a range of data sheets and guidelines published by the Central Federation for the German Building Industry (ZDB) and by the standard DIN 18195.
The standard offers uniform, up-to-date rules for the waterproofing of buildings. This provides much greater on-site clarity and safety in the execution of waterproofing and a clear-cut allocation of tradespeople to specific tasks. However, DIN 18534 also takes into account the special challenges faced when waterproofing level-access showers. Bonded waterproofing is now recognised as state of the art. When implementing waterproofing according to DIN 18534 additional aspects have to be observed. Above all, what are referred to as the water exposure classes and, when it comes to the level-access shower, the type of flange and the width of the flange of floor drains and shower channels.
In order to ensure that the shower channels and floor drains are permanently waterproof, they need to be correctly installed in bonded waterproofing. DIN 18534-3 regulates the structural connection of the flange on the drain body to the sealing sleeve, which is incorporated in the bonded waterproofing. There are three reliable types of connection:
In the section "Detail formation" (Section 7.6) of DIN 18534-3, it also states that the "flange width on drainage channels, floor drains and installed parts (…) must be at least 50 mm." However, this does not apply to factory-fitted sealing sleeves. Particularly if floor drains are installed in heavy-duty areas, such as in public in-line showers, the flange width must be a minimum of 50 mm. The sealing sleeve on the adjacent area must also overlap by > 50 mm.
All Dallmer drainage systems for mounting bonded waterproofing comply with DIN 18534.
Requirements for the flange width in accordance with the water exposure class
|Bonding flange width||W0-I||W1-I||W2-I||W3-I|
|≥ 30 mm|
|≥ 50 mm|
The various demands made on waterproofing due to the effects of moisture on walls and floors are defined in DIN 18534-1 using four water exposure classes, W0-I to W3-I. The longer an area is exposed to water, and the greater the volume of water, the greater the level of waterproofing required in order to prevent moisture damage.
Water exposure classes acc. to DIN 18534
|Water exposure class||Explanation||Requirement for seal||Example|
|W0-I low||Surfaces with infrequent exposure to spry water||No further seal is required if surfaces are sufficiently water resistant||Guest WCs without shower or kitchen floors without floor drain|
|W1-I moderate||Surfaces with more frequent exposure to spray water or infrequent exposure to service water, without intensification due to accumulated water||No special requirements unless the moisture can penetrate into sensitive sublayers. However, practical experience shows that a seal as per the standard is always recommendable.||Wall above bathtub or in the shower|
|W2-I high||Surfaces with frequent exposure to spray water and/or service water, occasionally intensified by accumulated water above all on the floor||Seal according to standard||Floor surfaces of level-access showers|
|W3-I very high||Surfaces with very frequent or continuous exposure to spray water and/or service water and/or water from intensive cleaning methods, intensified by accumulated water||Seal according to standard||Commercial kitchens, showers and pool edging in the swimming pool|
In private bathrooms the level-access, fully tiled shower in the floor area is water exposure class W2-I. In this case the waterproofing must be implemented with crack-bridging mineral sealing slurries or reaction resins. Alternatively, sheet waterproofing is also suitable. However, waterproofing with polymeric dispersion coatings are only suitable for the wall area in water exposure class W2-I. In in-line showers installed in sports clubs or industrial buildings, both floors and wet walls fall under water exposure class W3-I, whereas the "splash area" in front of the installation is water exposure class W2-I.
Bathroom with bathtub with shower head and shower enclosure
Bathroom with bathtub without shower head with shower tray without shower enclosure
Bathroom with bathtub without shower head with shower tray with shower enclosure
Bathroom with bathtub without shower head with level-access shower without shower enclosure
Bathroom with bathtub without
shower head with level-access shower with shower enclosure
Dallmer has been a key driver of the technical development that is now reflected in DIN 18534. The required flange width for shower channels and floor drains of at least 50 mm, for example, has been a standard at Dallmer for years. That's why installation and waterproofing are easy to implement with Dallmer products, as is demonstrated here using the examples of the DallFlex and DallDrain drain bodies.
With the DallFlex and DallDrain drain bodies the clear separation of trades so valued by practitioners remains intact during installation: the plumber installs the drain on the unfinished floor and connects it directly to the drainpipe. The sealing sleeve with the required width is then just clipped into the housing prior to application of the bonded waterproofing.
If the drain is being fitted in an area with water exposure class W3-I – such as public in-line showers – the flange width and overlapping must meet more stringent requirements. Yet the DallFlex and DallDrain drain bodies still comply with the standards as the width of the sealing sleeve around the drain is generally 100 mm.
For the DallFlex and DallDrain system families we provide a General Building Supervisory Authority Test Certificate or the manufacturer's approval on the compatibility with the liquid seals and sheet seals of a number of manufacturers.
Bonded waterproofing is necessary because coverings with joins, such as tiles, panels and natural stone, are not waterproof by themselves. The basis of bonded waterproofing is a paint/filler seal coating or a waterproofing membrane. The tiler lays panels or tiles using the thin bed method. Bonded waterproofing must be implemented everywhere where splash water or service water occurs. In the process the walls are sealed up to 20 cm above the highest possible water outlet or the area of the expected spray water.
Plastic and cement mortar combinations which are applied with a trowel or sprayed on. Sealing slurries are used everywhere where particularly high demands are placed on moisture protection.
Regulates the planning and design of the waterproofing of buildings. This standard was superseded in July 2017 by DIN 18534.
This term refers to water that has already been used for something – in this case a shower – and can be used again, whereby the issue of re-use plays a greater role in industry than in domestic households. Service water must meet certain minimum hygiene standards, even if it is not suitable for drinking.
Dated: July 2022
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